The impact of endogenous factors on diversification of tourism space in the arctic

Marta Bystrowska, Piotr Dolnicki


The article is aqualitative analysis aimedat explaining diversification of Arctic tourism spatial distribution in relation to endogenous factors that influence tourism in this part of the world, that is tourism resources, accessibility and infrastructure. It provides a review of tourism attractiveness features for the Arctic,which was basedon identifying the presence and concentration of favorable endogenous, tourism-related features of a studied area. Further, regional differences were compared with tourism statistics data in order to explore the role that investigated factors play in generating tourism traffic. The analysis confirms the concentration of tourism in areas easily accessible in terms of transport infrastructure and higher level of urbanization, even though less attractive in terms of natural resources. Tourist traffic is generated when there is relatively easy availability of transport, especially with the presence of ports and airports. Arctic areas that are potentially attractive due to natural resources are much less explored than those with good accessibility, but less attractive qualities. As the result of such an approach, even though Arctic is associated with more
specialized tourism, it is dominated by mass tourists, looking for relatively cheaper and comfortable attractions.


Arctic, Arctic tourism, endogenous development factors, tourism attractiveness, tourism space


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